目前日期文章:201305 (77)

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台菲共調查

我國漁船遭菲律賓海巡掃射命案,確定由兩國共同進行司法調查,互相派人到另一國蒐證,明天清晨台灣就會派出17人調查團。法務部根據初步的鑑識報告,在行前記者會上定調三大偵辦方向,包括菲律賓海巡故意殺人、我方漁船沒衝撞,也沒有入侵菲國領海。

廣大興槍擊案,確定由雙方司法機構共同緝凶。台灣調查團由外交部、法務部、刑事局、海巡以及漁業署組成。

根據台灣鑑識報告,法務部定調三大偵辦方向,包括菲國開槍並非過失而是故意殺人,事發原因排除我國漁船先衝撞才被槍擊,我國漁船根本沒入侵菲國領海

[[法務部次長 陳明堂]]
“死者所受槍傷 都是高速貫穿的子彈傷,顯然有致人於死殺人故意,廣大興28號漁船,既然沒有明顯的船舶碰撞痕跡,所以排除在案發前如外界傳言的說碰撞菲國船艦” 

至於國人最關心的緝凶究責,由於兩國並無引渡機制,就訊、蒐證沒問題,但能否將嫌犯帶回台灣受審,得打上問號。

17-person team from Taiwan to visit Philippines to gather evidence (2013/05/15)

Taiwan will send a 17-person team to the Philippines to carry out a joint investigation into the recent shooting death of the fisherman. Based on preliminary forensic investigation, the Taiwan Ministry of Justice believes it is a case of intentional homicide. It says the Taiwanese fishing boat was not involved in a collision and did not cross territorial waters. 

The investigation into shots fired at the Huang Ta Hsing fishing boat will include bilateral cooperation between legal authorities in Taiwan and the Philippines. A fact-finding delegation travelling to the Philippines will include individuals from Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry, Justice Ministry, Criminal Investigation Bureau, Coast Guard and Fisheries Agency.

Based on initial forensic reports, the Justice Ministry has made three initial conclusions in the investigation.

It believes the shooting was homicide and not negligence, it has ruled out the Taiwanese fishing boat ramming into the Philippine ship, and it says the Taiwanese fishing boat did not enter Philippine territorial waters.

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美菲關係好

這次台灣船員遭菲律賓公務船射殺,很多人關心,美國會在背後扮演什麼樣的角色?其實二戰結束至今,六十多年來,菲律賓堪稱是美國在亞太地區,最堅定的盟友,雙方軍事交流頻繁。隨著歐巴馬政權喊出"重返亞太"的口號,菲律賓的重要性更是不言而喻。

[[美國務院新聞發言人 范特瑞爾]] 
“美方樂見菲國政府承諾,就事件進行全面且透明的調查,並與台灣當局合作瞭解事件真相”

廣大興28號漁民,遭菲律賓公務船開槍射殺,美國出面呼籲雙方理性自制,不介入南海主權爭議。但翻開歷史,美、菲的淵源相當深厚。

1946年菲律賓獨立至今,雙方軍事合作頻繁。除了每年有好幾項聯合軍演外,雙方在1952年簽下共同防禦條約,至今依然有效。另外美國在菲律賓設立空、海軍基地,超過40年,1992年雖全面撤離,但從美國總統歐巴馬喊出重返亞洲之後, 2011起美國大幅提升每年輪調到菲律賓的軍力。

[[美國國安顧問 唐尼倫(2012)]]
“他決定連任後旋即出訪亞洲,代表這個區域對他的重要性,這是國安利益的重心所在

隨著中國崛起,加強掌控釣魚台和南海等爭議海域,美國也積極佈局亞太,菲律賓當然是其中不可或缺的一環。

 

US avoids taking a stance in Taiwan-Philippines dispute (2013/05/15)

The United States is a close ally of both Taiwan and the Philippines. As tension between the two Asian nations ratchets up it is urging calm. But the US refuses to condemn Manila after a Philippines government vessel opened fire on an unarmed Taiwanese fishing boat. 

Patrick Ventrell
US State Department Spokesman 
We welcome the Philippines government’s pledge to conduct a full and transparent investigation into the incident and to work with the Taiwan authorities to establish what transpired.

Shots fired from a Philippine government vessel at the Kuang Ta Hsing fishing boat killed one fisherman. The United States called upon both sides to exercise restraint and avoid a South China Sea sovereignty dispute. A look at history reveals the United States and the Philippines enjoy a long and deep relationship.

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F16失聯

國軍即將在南海進行操演,其中也包含F16將展現軍威。

不過今天下午,在七美海域四十多海里進行例行訓練的一架F16戰機,疑似因為機械故障墜毀,機上的吳姓飛行員跳傘獲救! 墜機原因仍等軍方進一步調查。

 

F-16 Crash (2013/05/15)

Taiwan is preparing for military exercises in the South China Sea which will include F-16s.

Ahead of those exercises, during a training drill an F-16 ran into problems about 40 nautical miles away from Cimei Township. The jet crashed after suffering what is thought to be a machinery malfunction. The pilot ejected safely and was rescued.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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紀德艦出發

廣大興漁船遭槍擊,馬政府終於硬起來,國防部下午啟動第二波聯合護漁行動,派出海軍火力最大噸級、性能最強的海軍紀德艦,領軍出海,到台菲暫定執法線附近,搭配空軍,執行聯合操演。

海軍噸位最大、戰力最強的紀德級飛彈驅逐艦,下午三點多,從旗津出發。

紀德艦領軍,帶領拉法葉艦,預計週四上午抵達,我國漁民遇害海域,進行護漁聯合演習。國防部啟動第二波聯合護漁行動,巡航區域,前往台菲重疊海

海軍也罕見派出巡防艦和驅逐艦強勢護漁,首派拉法葉級巡防艦「康定號」,前往台菲重疊海域,與海巡署旗下最大的巡防艦「台南艦」會合。

另外,空軍具備攻艦能力的F16戰機也將飛往護漁南界,進行海空操演。這是海軍首次以作戰支隊方式,伴隨海巡艦艇,前往台菲暫定執法線附近。海、空大集合,就是要向菲國宣示台灣主權。

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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裴瑞茲聲明

馬尼拉經濟文化辦事處主席裴瑞茲,今天來台,先前傳出外交部拒見,不過就在傍晚,裴瑞茲進了外交部,和亞太司長會何登煌會晤一個小時後,發表簡短聲明離去。

[[馬尼拉經濟文化辦事處主席 裴瑞茲]]
“我是總統艾奎諾三世的個人代表,他授權給我表達由衷地歉意,給在台菲之間海峽,遭到槍擊漁民的家人,同時向台灣民眾致歉”

MECO Statement (2013/05/15)

Amadeo Perez, chairman of the Manila Economic and Cultural Office, arrived in Taiwan today. Originally, his request to visit Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs was denied, though he did enter the ministry toward evening. Perez met for an hour with Benjamin Ho, director of the ministry’s Department of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Perez later issued a brief statement. 

Amadeo Perez 
MECO Chairman
I (have) the personal sympathy from our president, President Benigno Aquino Jr., and he has authorized me to extend our heartfelt apology first to the family of the fisherman who was shot in that channel between Taiwan and the Philippines and to apologize to the people of Taiwan.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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第二波制裁

不滿意菲律賓對「廣大興28號」的回應,行政院在今天下午六點實施第二波八項制裁。在早上,行政院已經先對菲律賓採取三項制裁,同時祭出最後通牒,就在今天下午六點到期,雖然外電法新社傳出菲律賓總統道歉,但還是沒有達到我方要求。

認定菲律賓總統府趕在第二波制裁前的道歉誠意依舊不足,行政院啟動第二波制裁。

[[行政院長 江宜樺]]
“菲律賓政府並沒有解決這個事件的誠意,因此我們宣佈從現在開始,立即啟動第二波八項的反制措施。

第二波制裁包括發布菲律賓旅遊警示燈號為「紅色 」、停止台菲雙邊高層交流、停止與菲方經濟交流活動、停止台非農漁業合作事項、停止雙方科技交流計畫、停止台菲航權談判、停止菲律賓用「上網查核」免簽證措施及辦理南海聯合海上操演。

加上早上已經率先開跑的第一波制裁,包括凍結菲勞申請、召回我國駐菲律賓大使、請回菲律賓駐華代表。

總計十一項制裁,政府態度強硬,要菲律賓正確回應台方對於「道歉、賠償、懲兇、展開漁業談判」的四要求。

Citing lack of a sincere apology, Taipei issues new sanctions against Philippines (2013/05/15)

Dissatisfied with the Philippines’ apology for the killing of a Taiwanese fisherman by a Philippines government vessel, Taipei has launched a second round of sanctions. The new sanctions affect political, economic and private exchanges between the countries and took effect immediately. 

The Philippines presidential office hurried to issue an apology before the deadline for the second round of sanctions. Taiwan’s Cabinet did not believe it was in good faith.

Jiang Yi-huah
Premier
The Philippine government has not solved the sincerity issues associated with this affair. Therefore, we announce that we will launch a second round of sanctions comprising eight items, effective immediately.

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0510 特選

 

退票超消極
四月十號高速公路回數票開放退費之後,至今還有3700多萬張還沒回收,不過民眾只能到高速公路的服務區和收費站辦公室,合計43個點退費,被民進黨立委邱志偉痛批,退費門檻太高,而當初民眾在郵局、超商或銀行買回數票,現在就應該可以在同樣地方辦理退費。

護理師抗議
這個禮拜天除了是母親節,也是國際護師節。有一群護士今天早上集結在衛生署前抗議長久以來的工時問題與跨科調動,造成護理人員工作品質不良,衛生署表示會積極增加護理人力,但護理產業公會說,畸形班表和跨科調動等訴求沒有改變,增加人力根本毫無意義。

電阻蘿蔔糕 
食品工業研究所和工研院,發明了一款利用電阻發熱的烹飪方法,它的原理就像是電燈泡,只是把燈泡裡發光的鎢絲換成了食物,短短五分鐘的時間,就能美味上桌。

0510 BRIEFS  (2013/05/10)

Slow Recall
For the past month drivers with unused freeway toll tickets have been able to return them, though there are more than 37 million prepaid tickets yet to be returned. DPP Legislator Chiu Chih-wei attributes the slow place of the recall to inconvenience – drivers can only exchange the tickets at freeway rest areas or toll collection offices. The tickets were originally available at post offices, convenience stores and banks. Chiu feels these locations should also accept returns.

Nurses Protest
This Sunday is not just Mother’s Day but also International Nurses Day. Before then a group of nurses protested in front of the Department of Health against long working hours and movement between clinics. They say these conditions reduce quality of care. The department promised to recruit more nurses, but the Taiwan Nurses Union says this would be no help if problems with scheduling and switching between clinics aren’t fixed.

New Cooking Method

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未成年整形

衛生署考慮訂定法規,限制18歲以下的未成年人,進行削骨或隆乳等侵入性醫美手術,避免影響身體正常發育,但有位17歲就開始整形的男子,今天出面反擊,認為每個人都有愛美的權利,衛生署不應該這樣強制規定。

才17歲就跑來整形,眼前這位年輕男生說過去因為外表長的醜,被同輩霸凌,才走上整形之路,連父母也舉雙手支持。

[[整形民眾 傑樂漢]]
“我之前就被人家笑說豬八戒,還有被同學欺負,(整形)至少可以讓我改變自己”

但衛生署已經打算全面限制,18歲以下的未成年人,施行像割雙眼皮、隆乳等高侵入性手術,違法動刀的醫師,將面臨最高50萬元罰金,甚至可能廢止醫師證書。

國內知名整形醫師,贊同衛生署做法。

[[整形醫師 張炯銘]]
“因為手術造成一個疤痕組織,它才會造成雙眼皮,可是如果眼睛還再長大,它要長大,長得漂亮的時候,你把他做一個疤痕組織,那疤痕組織會限制雙眼皮的成長,所以衛生署這個做法是好的”

醫生表示,未成年動刀,有一定風險。

Department of Health plans to restrict cosmetic surgery for minors (2013/05/10)

The Department of Health is considering a ban on invasive forms of cosmetic surgery for minors. A surgeon asked about the proposed change agreed because of the added risks associated with operating on minors. 

This 17-year-old boy underwent cosmetic surgery because he felt his appearance led to frequent bullying by his peers. Both his parents supported his decision.

Jye Le-han
People teased me and said I looked like the pig deity. I was bullied by classmates. (Cosmetic surgery) has let me change my appearance.

But surgery may no longer be an option for such minors in the future. The Department of Health plans to implement a comprehensive ban on cosmetic surgery for minors under the age of18. It would prohibit highly invasive operations like double-fold eyelids’ surgery and breast augmentation. Physicians who violate the ban would face a fine of up to NT$500,000 and could lose their license.

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新北搶小鴨

風靡香港的"黃色小鴨鴨",在維多利亞港掀起黃色炫風,帶來觀光收益。卡哇伊魅力,如今在台灣發酵,像是新北、基隆與高雄,都有民代為鴨鴨請命,力邀來台展出。

六層樓高的黃色小鴨鴨,在香港維多利亞港悠然漂蕩,吸引各國觀光客搶拍留念。這股魅力,如今在台灣發酵。

[[新北議員 李坤城]]
“這個附加價值,周邊的商品,還有整個媒體的能見度,絕對比它引進來的價值都還要再高”

但其實早在去年,新北市府就曾與黃色小鴨團隊,洽談展出事宜,但新北礙於經費預算,自動放棄。 

[[新北市觀光局長 陳國君]]
“不曉得今年那麼紅,以後會不會預算有大幅增加”

不只新北市,基隆、高雄都有民代希望這隻遊歷超過10 國、共12個城市的黃色小鴨鴨,下一站能駐足自家城市。 

Taiwan hopes to bring giant rubber duck to its shores (2013/05/10)

A huge rubber duck floating in Hong Kong’s Victoria Harbor is sparking a surge in tourist income. The buzz has spread to New Taipei and other cities in Taiwan that are also eager to host this floating icon. 

A 6-story Rubber Duck is drifting across Victoria Harbor in Hong Kong, attracting the interest of tourists who snap photos. Affection for this cheerful duck has spread as far away as Taiwan.

Lee Kun-cheng
New Taipei Councilor
The added value, peripheral products and media attention far exceeds the coast of bringing in (this duck).

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手機信用卡

以後辦信用卡,將可以在"空中"接收新卡!

金管會核准國泰世華銀行和中華電信合作的首張「空中下載式手機信用卡」,銀行不發實體信用卡,而是讓民眾把信用卡下載到手機裡,三千元以下的消費就可以用手機感應刷卡。不過目前只對中華電信和國泰世華員工約1千人試辦。

Mobile Credit Card (2013/05/10)

Taiwan may soon have a mobile credit card system that is only available on smartphones. 

The Financial Supervisory Commission has approved a pilot program run by Cathay United Bank and Chunghwa Telecom. Instead of issuing a material credit card, the bank will offer an e-card that can be downloaded onto a smartphone. The phone can then be swiped to make charges of up to NT$3,000. Initially the pilot program will be limited to a 1,000 employees of Cathay United and Chunghwa Telecom.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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退將去中國

退役上將許歷農今天再率高階退將團訪中國八天,將拜會中共中央軍委會、解放軍北京部隊等軍政決策核心單位,民進黨質疑,此舉會形成國安漏洞,要馬總統拿出具體方法補救

登上遊覽車,高階退役將領啟程前往機場,將到中國訪問八天,推動所謂的"軍事互信機制"

[[退役上將 許歷農]]
“我們這次去主要的是,為了建立將來兩岸互信機制,去交換意見,尋求共識,預防兩岸因為誤解誤判,可能會產生擦槍走火

這次的訪問團由退役上將許歷農帶隊,這次參訪之所以受到注意,是因為這批退將,計畫拜會中共中央軍委會、全國政協等軍政核心單位。民進黨擔心,退役軍人去中國參訪,會形成國家安全漏洞。

[[民進黨發言人 林俊憲]]
“我們在這裡要求馬英九總統,要負起三軍統帥的職責,要明確的表態,要有所處置,不要讓退役將領,成為國家安全的隱憂

對此,許歷農表示,退役軍人跟正常人一樣,民間交流是天經地義的事情。不過退役將領前仆後繼到中國參訪,國防部也無法管。

Retired military generals embark for China (2013/05/10)

A delegation of retired military leaders is in China to meet with high-ranking members of the Chinese military. Before they left a DPP spokesman warned that their visit could compromise national security. 

Boarding a tour bus, this high-level delegation of retired generals is going to the airport for an eight-day visit to China. The trip is billed as a military trust exercise.

Hsu Li-nung
Retired General 
We are going to exchange ideas and seek consensus for establishing a cross-strait mutual trust mechanism. We want to prevent misunderstandings or misjudgments from escalating into full-scale war.

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環署槓政院


悠活規避環評一案,行政院同意內政部的建議,將"悠活全區"合併環評,交由屏東縣政府認定,不過,傳出環保署認為,悠活全區都要停業,沒有任何讓步的空間,中央部會不同調引發爭議後,政院緊急澄清。

悠活度假村的爭議延燒了好幾天,行政院拍板定案。

[[行政院長 江宜樺]]
“很快地就兩個部會的意見做一個整合,我們是以內政部目前所對外說明的講法為準”

行政院挺內政部,依建築法規,悠活1至2區是合法可繼續營業;如環評未過,一、二區都撤照;但環保署卻評定全區都要立即停業,外界好奇,中央部會是否喬不攏。 

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菲只表同情

面對台灣大動作的抗議,菲國漁業局長宣稱,是因為台灣漁船意圖衝撞,執法人員才被迫開槍。

[[菲國漁業局局長 培瑞斯]] 
“一艘台灣漁船,在我們的海岸防衛隊旁不斷繞行,迫使海岸防衛隊對空鳴槍警告,後來射擊漁船的機械設備,我們對死亡漁夫的家屬表示同情,我們也向家屬和台灣政府保證,我們會將所有調查公開化”

海岸防衛隊兼稱,這起事件是發生在菲律賓海域,菲國的軍方人員只是恪盡職守,阻擋非法漁船。

Philippines Defends Actions (2013/05/10)

The director of the Philippines Bureau of Fisheries says the incident escalated after the Taiwanese fishing boat charged the Philippines government vessel. 

Asis Perez
Philippines Bureau of Fisheries
One of the Taiwanese fishing vessels repeatedly tried to ram our MCS, forcing our MCS to fire warning shots on the air first and eventually on the machinery portion of the vessel to disable the same. We sympathize with the family of the fisherman who died and we assure them as well as the government of Taiwan of a transparent and impartial investigation.

The Philippines coast guard says the incident occurred in its country’s waters. It says the Philippines vessel was carrying out its duty to stop an illegal fishing boat.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞

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馬震怒緝兇

對於這起事件,馬總統強調「絕對不會干休」,外交部除了與海巡署召開國際記者會譴責菲律賓,也找來菲律賓駐台代表白熙禮,表達不滿,白熙禮,則公開向家屬致歉,承諾釐清真相。

已經不是第一次了,2006年,台東新港籍漁船「滿春億」號船長,也在重疊水域遭射殺,嫌犯卻逍遙法外,這次,馬總統要求徹查到底。

[[總統 馬英九]] 
“向菲律賓提出嚴重抗議,並且予以譴責,這件事情我們一定要查出一個結果,辦出一個結果,否則我們不會干休”

外交部則是緊急召見菲律賓駐台代表白熙禮,表達抗議。

[[菲律賓駐台代表 白熙禮]] 
“我們對於洪先生失去生命,表達我們的哀痛之意,我們並想向洪家人,傳達我們的弔唁慰問以及歉意,槍殺調查,我們會看是否違反國際法和國內法律 我們會讓法律,公正審判”

外交部隨後與海巡署召開國際記者會,再度表達嚴正立場。

[[外交部長 林永樂]]
“我們的漁船,不是武裝漁船,任何情況下,菲律賓都不能攻擊我們的漁船”

目前,海巡署已經加派兩艘配備20機砲、40快砲的艦艇,南下護漁。

Philippine de facto ambassador apologizes (2013/05/10)

President Ma Ying-jeou is demanding a full investigation into the fisherman’s death. His sentiment was shared by the Philippine de facto ambassador to Taiwan, who apologized and promised that justice would be served. 

It wasn’t the first time a Taiwanese fisherman has been shot. In 2006, the captain of the Taitung Hsingang registered fishing boat "Man Chun Yi” was also shot while fishing in disputed waters. The perpetrator got off scot-free. This time, President Ma is demanding an apology and a thorough investigation.

President Ma Ying-jeou
We gave a strong protest and condemnation to the Philippines. We must pursue an investigation until a conclusion is reached. We won’t give up. 

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs quickly summoned the de facto Philippine ambassador, Antonio Basilio, to lodge a protest.

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槍擊廣大興

屏東琉球籍漁船廣大興28號,昨天驚傳在我國經濟海域上,遭到菲律賓漁政船開槍無情的掃射,船身彈孔多達三十幾個,65歲的洪石成不幸中彈身亡。外交部和海巡署上午立即派人前往洪家慰問,遭到家屬砲轟官僚殺人,家屬表示,第一時間就有請求海巡直升機救人,卻被要求填寫一大堆資料,錯失救援時間,但海巡署否認。

洪石成死在自己最熟悉的大海上,外交部和海巡署上午都派人前來慰問家屬,但卻被家屬指控延誤救人時機。

[[死者女兒]]
“申請個保七,申請個直升機,還要我們寫什麼資料一大堆,還要問了一大堆,你們都不能先出去救人,回來再補資料嗎,你們不是官僚殺人”

海巡署否認這樣的說法。

[[海巡署南巡局長 張德浩]]
“我們沒有補任何的文件,一點四十幾分的時候,那時我們正在處理(直升機)的時候,漁會就打電話說當事人已經往生了”

遭到射殺身亡的漁民洪石成,95年底捕撈到一尾長7公尺的大王魷,而轟動地方。這個月四日,他和另外三名船員,到巴士海峽海域捕撈黑鮪,沒想到九日上午遭到菲律賓漁政船追逐一個小時後開槍掃射,洪石成背部中彈身亡,船身多達30到40個彈孔,開槍的地點居然是在我方的經濟海域內。

[[琉球區漁會總幹事 蔡寶興]]
“我們船在這範圍,不算越界,漁船船長這邊有看到菲律賓的軍艦有在跟隨他們 ,他也沒有覺得說,菲律賓這邊會去開槍”

因為油艙也被射破,船隻失去動力,海巡人員已經登上廣大興號漁船,接手拖回台灣的後續作業。

Family of fisherman killed by Philippine coast guard criticizes government response (2013/05/10)

A family wants answers after a Taiwanese fisherman was shot dead on Thursday while fishing in waters some 170 nautical miles off the coast of southern Taiwan. The fisherman was killed by a member of the Philippine coast guard. 

When Hung Shih-cheng was killed, he was in the seas he was most familiar with. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Coast Guard Administration sent staff to offer condolences to his family. They cast blame at the officials.

Victim’s Daughter
They told us to fill out extensive information to apply for support from the Seventh Special Police Headquarters or to order a helicopter. They also asked a bunch of questions. Couldn’t they go save him first? Then they could fill in this information after returning. You bureaucrats are the ones who killed him.

The Coast Guard Administration defended its actions.

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  • May 14 Tue 2013 19:12
  • 特選

特選

母親節大雨
這禮拜接下來一個禮拜,全台的天氣狀況都會非常不穩,週二到週五華南雲系,往東移入台灣上空,帶來充沛水氣,到了週六,下一波鋒面,又會報到,未來一週,民眾可能盼不到晴朗好天氣了。

鹽雕母親節
今天是母親節,各地都有不同的慶祝方式,雲嘉南風景管理處舉辦了"為媽媽洗禮"的活動,讓子女,使用台南七股所生產的粗鹽,替辛苦的媽媽洗腳,另外還有鹽雕聲光秀,LED燈打在鹽雕藝術品,遊客驚呼連連!

BRIEFS (2013/05/12)

Rainy Week
Taiwan will face unstable weather conditions next week. From Tuesday to Friday, a cloud system from Southern China will move in an easterly direction, covering much of Taiwan bringing lots of moisture. Also, a new front is expected to arrive on Saturday making highly unlikely to see clear skies and sunshine next week.

Mother's Day Arts 
Today is Mother's Day and many people around Taiwan found different ways to celebrate. The Southwest Coast National Scenic Area organized activities using salt produced in Tainan’s Chigu area. This included invited children to wash their mother’s feet with salt as well as a salt carving exhibition which utilized LED lights that dazzled a few tourists.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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搶救老樹的101種方法 (下)

上個單元,我們看到樹醫師如何為樹木把脈治療,甚至動手術,不過褐根病可怕之處,就在於它總是無聲無息地從根部開始入侵樹木,等到葉子掉光,樹木內部多半也腐爛了,目前,全台灣從南到北都有褐根病疫情,有專家警告,這種高傳染力的褐根病,如果不好好地處理恐怕不到十年,台灣的土壤就會全被褐根病毒感染,只不過,要怎麼根治,有人提倡一切自然,我們帶您來看看。##

上禮拜我們看到,以燻蒸法用農藥為土壤殺菌這樣的外科手術,來根治罹患樹癌的樹,是農委會林業試驗所推廣的。但用農藥治病是必然嗎? 有位樹醫企圖要用自然醫學顛覆農藥治病的慣習。

南投日月潭,在它美麗的外表下,隱藏著危機,那就是遊憩區裡的樹,幾乎都有病。而日月潭風景管理處,請來中興大學園藝系副教授,劉東啟,來幫樹看病。

讓樹木起死回生,談何容易,但劉東啟有套獨創的治療方式,水刀療法。

劉東啟這根長1.5米的大水刀很神奇,因為它不傷害樹體。

[[中興大學園藝系 劉東啟 副教授]]
“這個1.5米的洞,一樣不會滲水,代表這裡的土壤,它的夯實是已經到達1.5米左右, 所以這個深度還不夠,我們要繼續再往下打,所以到底一棵樹的整治,它的土壤的深度要到多深呢,不是我們決定的,是土壤來決定”

用水刀打洞,土壤表面不會積水,這樣的水刀療法才有效果,看積水狀況就能研判療效,劉東啟靠得是救樹得來的經驗累積,那棵曾經讓他束手無策的大樟樹。

台中月眉糖廠旁的這棵大樟公,相傳已經有1400年的高齡, 是月眉的地標,但近幾年卻開始快速衰弱,地方人士十分憂心大樟公的健康,請了許多樹醫來醫治,還幫大樟公動了好幾次的外科手術。

在大樟公潰爛的部位,噴漆填入發泡樹脂、保麗龍,認為這樣的外科手術,就可以阻止潰爛,但劉東啟看了直呼不可思議。

[[中興大學園藝系 劉東啟 副教授]]
“這個部分在國外呢,已經有非常多的調查,沒有一棵樹, 做了外科手術是復原的,所以美國在1990年代,已經全面的禁止樹的外科手術,那我們也希望我們的政府,實驗單位跟樹木保育單位,不要再推動這樣的保育方法,因為這對樹只有害”

劉東啟知道,大樟公的問題,不在潰爛的傷口,而是鋪在地面上,自以為透水、透氣的石磚。

[[中興大學園藝系 劉東啟 副教授]]
“對於樹還在做透水鋪面,我們都認為透水鋪面是會透水,其實透水鋪面下面是夯實層,只有那塊磚是透水的,這樣子的在大樹附近做這樣的工程,我們政府認為是德政,其實這些磚,這些路就是殺手”

築花台、鋪透水磚, 讓樹原本的根頭,深埋在地底下一公尺半的地方,劉東啟最後想到,以強力水刀的方式來治療,也許能夠讓老樹恢復生機,這個想法獲得大樟公旁,福德祠委員會大力支持,砸了近三百萬,讓劉東啟做試驗,成就了治療樹木的水刀療法,最終也讓大樟公恢復生機

這樣的理念也感動了許多人,台中中興扶輪社就成立了救樹志工團 

[[台中中興扶輪社救樹團 許叔蓀 志工]]
“由扶輪社出面,號召一些志工跟他一起來救樹,但主要還是劉教授正確的技術,來指導我們,我們來做,那我們要把這個推廣出去”

不用藥物治療,而是盡可能運用樹木本身的自癒能力,這是劉東啟治樹的理念,水刀只是協助治療,他認為這個道理同樣適用於樹癌褐根病。

[[中興大學園藝系 劉東啟 副教授]]
“就像我們常常醫治一棵褐根病的樹,可是鄰近的樹全部都沒有褐根病啊,因為它沒有得褐根病的條件,而不是沒有這個孢子,孢子是土壤裡面到處都是的,所以褐根病基本都好發在哪裡,施作了大量的工程,或者是長期踐踏 硬土壤的樹”

劉東啟認為健康的樹,很難罹患褐根病,只有因為環境改變生長條件的樹,才有可能遭到褐根病菌入侵,他並強調使用邁隆殺死褐根病,是下下策。 

[[中興大學園藝系 劉東啟 副教授]]
“特別是說他(工人)在施作的時候,特別快速的燻蒸,揮發這個事情,但施作的人自己很痛苦,因為自己會受到藥劑的毒害”

根據日本的農藥字典顯示,邁隆屬於劇毒,在2001年就已經禁止使用。

怎麼醫治引發討論,怎麼修護也是大學問,比如大多地方政府,公園路燈工程管理處的錯誤修剪方式,導致樹木發生斷枝砸人或是倒塌的現象。農委會因此決定未來在樹醫培訓上要仿效日美,開設樹木修剪,養護等課程,建立專業證照的核發制度。

[[農委會林試所 黃裕星 所長]]
“所以我們希望能夠比照這樣的制度,把這些樹醫或是樹醫技師,這樣的一個制度建立起來,我們也跟勞委會曾經有過接觸,希望說他們在類似丙級技術士的訓練考照的時候,能夠把樹木養護,或者是樹木醫療,樣的科目加進去”

但林試所強調目前樹醫制度尚無定案,仍在規劃當中,只不過這個立意良善的樹醫證照制度,卻讓劉東啟很憂心。對劉東啟來說,救樹、醫樹不是一時,要把職業變職責,才能夠讓救樹接力賽有更多的參與者,可永續傳承。

Local expert experiments with natural treatment to save trees (2013/05/12)

Last week we examined how tree doctors save diseased trees through pesticides and pruning. Unfortunately, these procedures are of little help to trees suffering root damage. And according to tree expert Liu Dong-chi, root damage is the cause of most tree problems. Liu advocates a natural approach to saving roots which he feels can bring back health even to diseased trees. 

Last week we saw how fumigation and pesticides mixed in soil can help trees battle disease, a technique promoted by the Taiwan Forestry Research Institute. Some believe pesticides are the best method, but a tree doctor in Taiwan advocates natural treatments. 

Nantou’s Sun Moon Lake area is known for its beauty, but just under the surface is a hidden crisis. Almost every tree in this area is infected with disease. The Sun Moon Lake Scenic Area Administration has begun working with Liu Dong-chi, an associate professor at National Chung Hsing University, on ways to treat these trees. 

Bringing trees back to life may be something that is easier said than done. But Liu believes that a water cutting technique can do the trick.

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網軍開戰

不滿菲律賓公務船射殺台灣漁民,台大PTT網友日前對菲律賓「鍵盤開戰」。

但今天,菲律賓駭客也還以顏色,總統府證實,早上9:17,發現網站遭到來自菲律賓的攻擊,包括總統府、國防部、海巡署和經濟部網站都被駭客癱瘓,下午一點鐘才排除。

Cyber Attack (2013/05/12)

An internet message board associated with National Taiwan University was a platform for citizens to express their dissatisfaction with the killing of a local fisherman at the hands of Philippine authorities. Few thought it would escalate into cyber warfare.

At 9:17 this morning, the Presidential Office confirmed that hackers from the Philippines attacked its website, resulting in a denial of service disruption. The cyber attack also affected other government agencies such as the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, and the Coast Guard Administration. All websites returned to normal service at one o'clock in the afternoon.

文章出處 :民視英語新聞


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政府出兵?

菲律賓槍殺我國漁民,引起國內激憤,前國安會副秘書長張榮豐批評政府反應慢半拍,事發當下應該立刻以武力反擊,才能有足夠的談判籌碼。其實,台灣海空軍實力遠勝菲律賓,軍事專家施孝瑋比擬,就像黃金獵犬對上吉娃娃,任何一艘主力戰艦,都可以殲滅菲律賓海軍。

我國漁民無辜遭到菲律賓公務船追殺,馬總統隔了三天才正式對菲國政府下通牒,要求道歉賠償,前國安會副秘書長張榮豐,不能接受。

[[前國安會副秘書長 張榮豐]]
“要是我的話,我會成立專案處理這個,先查清楚,你公務船什麼時候會出海,然後你在什麼海域,我就先把艦艇埋伏好,一出來我就擊沉你”

因為根據世界軍力排名,我國位於世界第18,菲律賓則排在31名,對付菲律賓,綽綽有餘!

[[全球防衛雜誌採訪主任 施孝瑋]]
“戰力對比的話,台灣基本上是黃金獵犬,或是那種大型的牧羊犬,那基本上菲律賓只是隻吉娃娃,台灣目前有26艘作戰艦艇,任何一艘,可以把整個菲律賓海面消滅”

不管政府出不出兵,都應該在必要時展現武力,才能令敵人心生畏懼,不敢再犯。

Ex official says Taiwan should not fear military conflict with the Philippines (2013/05/12)

President Ma’s response to the killing of fisherman doesn’t go far enough according to former National Security Council Deputy Secretary-General Chang Jung-feng. He criticized the government for its belated response, suggesting an immediate counter attack to garner more bargaining chips in future negotiations. Military experts agree that Taiwan has a vast naval and air superiority when facing the Philippines.

The death of an innocent fishermen at the hands of Philippines authorities has led President Ma to issue a 72-hour ultimatum to the Philippine government. Ma’s hard line request for an apology may not go far enough according to some experts like former National Security Council Deputy Secretary-General Chang Jung-feng.

Chang Jung-feng
Former NSC Deputy Secretary-General
If it was me, I would set up a committee to investigate the case, checking when these government boats go to sea and what area, and then prepare our ships and ambush them. 

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馬再表態

馬英九今天便前往小琉球洪石成靈前致意並慰問家屬,且進一步展現強硬態度,海巡署增派一艘台南艦,海軍則派出一艘康定艦,到台菲暫定執法線海域內,進行四天三夜的護漁行動。馬英九的72小時最後通牒事宜,菲律賓總統府馬拉坎南宮下午發表官方聲明,稱對事件感到哀傷。

佛誕節慶祝大會上,原本要出席的菲律賓駐台代表白熙禮,臨時缺席,改由副代表參加,而前一天才下達最後通牒的馬總統,對這件事情非常在意。

[[總統 馬英九]]
“我想藉這個機會,藉著這一個場合,為這個非常值得我們,同情的母親為她祈福,是不是請大家,可以默哀10秒鐘”

行政院也有動作,各增派一艘軍艦,保護漁民的安全。

[[聲源:行政院發言人 鄭麗文]]
“今天中午海巡署在,之前的福星艦以及,巡護一號之後,再增派一艘台南艦,那麼另外國防部,也派遣了康定艦,聯合進行未來四天三夜的護漁行動”

軍艦強力護漁,政府強硬表態,就看菲律賓如何接招。

President Ma expresses condolences to slain fishermen (2013/05/12)

President Ma visited Liouciou this afternoon to express his condolences to the family of Hung Shih-cheng, a fisherman shot by Philippine naval authorities. Ma continued to take a tough stance, even adding extra patrol boats to protect fishermen in territorial waters for the next four days and three nights. As for Ma's 72-hour ultimatum, the Philippine Presidential Office responded this afternoon with an official statement expressing its condolences. 

The Philippine de facto ambassador to Taiwan, Antonio Basilio, was to attend a Buddha's birthday festival celebration today, though he was visibly absent and replaced by a deputy from the Philippine office. Yesterday, President Ma issued a 72-hour ultimatum which many are continuing to watch closely.

Ma Ying-jeou
President
I would like to take this opportunity and this occasion to express our sympathy and pray for this mother as we hope everyone can join in10 seconds of silence.

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