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Want a clue to your risk of heart disease? Look in the mirror. People who look old with receding hairlines, bald heads, creases near their ear lobes or bumpy deposits on their eyelids have a greater chance of developing heart disease than younger-looking people the same age, new research suggests.

想知道罹患心臟病的風險嗎?照照鏡子吧。新的研究顯示,有髮線後退、禿頭、耳垂附近長出皺紋、眼皮上有凹凸不平的沉積物等老化現象的人,罹患心臟病的機率比同齡但樣貌較年輕的人高。

"Looking old for your age marks poor cardiovascular health,’’ said Dr. Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen of the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.

丹麥哥本哈根大學教授泰柏傑格─韓森表示,「看起來比實際年齡老代表心血管不健康。」

A small consolation:Wrinkles elsewhere on the face and gray hair seemed just ordinary consequences of aging and did not correlate with heart risks.

值得小小安慰的是,臉部其他部位的皺紋或灰髮只是一般老化的結果,和心臟疾病沒有關聯。

The research began in 1976. At the start, researchers documented people’s appearance, counting crow’s feet, wrinkles and other signs of age. In the next 35 years, 3,400 participants developed heart disease (clogged arteries), and 1,700 suffered a heart attack.

這份研究於1976年開始。一開始時,研究人員記錄人的外表、計算眼角魚尾紋、皺紋及其他老化跡象。接下來的35年,有3400名受試者罹患心臟疾病(動脈堵塞),1700人心臟病發。

Those with three to four of these aging signs had a 57 percent greater risk for heart attack and a 39 percent greater risk for heart disease compared to people with none of these signs.

有3到4種這種老化跡象的人,心臟病發的機率比沒有這些跡象者多出57%,罹患心臟疾病的機率也多出39%。

Having yellowish eyelid bumps, which could be signs of cholesterol buildup, conferred the most risk, researchers found. Baldness in men has been tied to heart risk before, possibly related to testosterone levels. (AP)

研究人員發現,眼皮上有黃色突起的人風險最大,黃色突起可能是膽固醇累積的徵兆。過去已發現男性禿頭和心臟疾病之間的關係,可能與睪丸酮的多寡有關。(美聯社)

新聞辭典

crow’s foot:名詞,眼角的魚尾紋。例句:Some say crow’s feet and laughter lines are a sign of good health.(有些人說魚尾紋和法令紋是身體健康的跡象。)

consolation:名詞,安慰。例句:The only consolation for me was that others were worse off.(對我來說,唯一的安慰是還有人比我更慘。)

be tied to:片語,緊密連結。例句:Their cancers are not so clearly tied to radiation exposure.(他們的癌症與暴露輻射並沒有太明顯的關聯。)

 

 

文章出處:自由時報電子報中英對照新聞

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